Code of Honor
Tags: Char Aznable, Iraq, Saddam Hussein, Amuro Ray, Miyamoto Musashi, The World God Only Knows, Keima Katsuragi, Duel, Code of Honor, Keima-sama, Fencing, Code duello, Aaron Burr, Alexander Hamilton, Henry de Saint Didier, Sasaki Kojiro, Holmgang, Andrew Jackson, Albert Pike, Francisco Ciccotti, Benito Mussolini, George Boulanger, Marcel Proust, Édouard Manet, Álvaro de Castro, Aleksandr Pushkin, Fyodor Ivanovich Tolstoy, Miguel de Cervantes, Salvador Allende, Ari Fleischer, George W. Bush, Ferdinand Lassalle, Pope Innocent III, Fourth Lateran Council, Taha Yassin Ramadan
Keima-sama cosplaying Char ~ The World God Only Knows S2E12
On April 14, 1612 the famous Japanese swordsman Miyamoto Musashi dueled his rival Sasaki Kojiro on the island of Funajima. Musashi is said to have fought over 60 duels and was never defeated.
History of Duel
In Western society, the formal concept of a duel developed out of the mediaeval judicial duel and older pre-Christian practices such as the Viking Age Holmgang. Judicial duels were deprecated by the Lateran Council of 1215. However, in 1459 (MS Thott 290 2) Hans Talhoffer reported that in spite of Church disapproval, there were nevertheless seven capital crimes that were still commonly accepted as resolvable by means of a judicial duel.Most societies did not condemn duelling, and the victor of a duel was regarded not as a murderer but as a hero; in fact, his social status often increased. During the early Renaissance, duelling established the status of a respectable gentleman, and was an accepted manner to resolve disputes. Duelling in such societies was seen as an alternative to less regulated conflict.
According to Ariel Roth, during the reign of Henry IV, over 4,000 French aristocrats were killed in duels “in an eighteen-year period” whilst a twenty-year period of Louis XIII’s reign saw some eight thousand pardons for “murders associated with duels”. Roth also notes that thousands of men in the Southern United States “died protecting what they believed to be their honor.”
The first published code duello, or “code of duelling”, appeared in Renaissance Italy; however, it had many antecedents, ranging back to old Germanic law. The first formalised national code was France’s, during the Renaissance. In 1777, Ireland developed a code duello, which was the most influential in American duelling culture.
The Duel that would have changed the world
In October 2002, four months before the US invasion of Iraq, Iraqi Vice President Taha Yassin Ramadan suggested U.S. President George W. Bush and Saddam Hussein settle their difference in a duel. He reasoned this would not only serve as an alternative to a war that was certain to damage Iraq’s infrastructure, but that it would also reduce the suffering of the Iraqi and American peoples. Ramadan’s offer included the possibility that a group of US officials would face off with a group of Iraqi officials of same or similar rank (President v. President, Vice President v. Vice President, etc.). Ramadan proposed that the duel be held in a neutral land, with each party using the same weapons, and with UN Secretary General Kofi Annan presiding as the supervisor. On behalf of President Bush, White House Press Secretary Ari Fleischer declined the offer.